CEPII, Recherche et Expertise sur l'economie mondiale
European Economic Security: Current Practices and Further Development

François Chimits
Conor McCaffrey
Juan Mejino Lopez
Niclas Frederic Poitiers
Vincent Vicard
Pauline Wibaux

The rise in geopolitical tensions in recent years and the weaponisation of trade links have led to an increased focus on economic security. With its Economic Security Strategy, the European Commission has put EU-level initiatives in this area into an overarching framework. In this in-depth analysis, we discuss the challenges posed by economic security and the approaches to it taken by other large economies. We then analyse the European strategy in this framework. While the EU has been slower than other large economies to focus on economic security, it has learned from its peers and there has been a notable evolution of European measures in this area. However, challenges remain, in particular with regard to the coordination of measures that are still largely national competencies. Furthermore, more could be done to align incentives for both companies and countries to avoid moral hazard risks. Finally, more progress has to be done to align the foreign policies of EU countries to give credibility to economic security instruments.

This study was prepared for the European Parliament's Committee on International Trade (INTA). The study is available on the European Parliament’s online database, ‘ThinkTank‘.
Copyright remains with the European Parliament at all times.
Contract No EP/EXPO/INTA/FWC/2019-01/LOT5/1/C/22

 Keywords :
CEPII Research Report
N°2024-01, April 2024

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 Fields of expertise

Trade & Globalization