CEPII, Recherche et Expertise sur l'economie mondiale
Sectoral reallocations, Real estate shocks, and productivity divergence in Europe


Thomas Grjebine
Jérôme Héricourt
Fabien Tripier

 Highlights :
  • This paper investigates the role of sectoral reallocations in the divergence of productivity in Europe, based on a database for 33 sectors and 14 countries between 1995 and 2015.
  • Variations in the relative size of sectors have been at the origin of variable productivity losses in main European countries.
  • We investigate real estate shocks as a potential source for those sectoral reallocations through a collateral mechanism.
  • Boom-bust cycles turn out to be a strong driver of productivity divergence between European countries.

 Abstract :
This paper investigates the role of sectoral reallocations in the divergence of productivity in Europe, based on a database for 33 sectors and 14 countries between 1995 and 2015. Using the contribution of sectoral productivity growth to Total Factor Productivity (TFP) at the country level, we highlight that variations in the relative size of sectors - less productive sectors growing relatively to more productive ones - have been at the origin of variable productivity losses in main European countries. Parallel to this divergence, European countries experienced heterogeneous real estate price dynamics, which took the form, in some economies, of massive boom-bust cycles. We investigate real estate shocks as a potential source of sectoral reallocations through a collateral mechanism. These shocks turn out to be a strong driver of productivity divergence between European countries.

 Keywords : Productivity | Sectoral Reallocations

 JEL : D22, F45, R30, O45
CEPII Working Paper
N°2019-09, September 2019

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