CEPII, Recherche et Expertise sur l'economie mondiale
Trade Impact of European Measures on GMOs Condemned by the WTO Panel

Anne-Célia Disdier
Lionel Fontagné

 Highlights :

 Abstract :
In May 2003, the United States, Canada and Argentina launched a World Trade Organization (WTO) case against the European Union concerning its authorization regime for biotech products. In November 2006, the WTO condemned this regime. Using a gravity equation, we estimate the reduction in exports of potentially affected products from the complainants to the European Union. Our results suggest that the European moratorium and product-specific measures have a negative effect on trade, as do safeguard measures adopted by Germany, Italy and Greece.

 Keywords : GMOs | Protection | WTO panels | Environment | WORLD TRADE

 JEL : F13, F18
CEPII Working Paper
N°2009-16, July 2009

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 Fields of expertise

Trade & Globalization