Charlotte Emlinger & Karine Latouche , 2024.
"Protection of Geographical Indications in Trade Agreements: Is it worth it?,"
CEPII Working Paper 2024- 05 , March 2024 , CEPII.

This paper estimates the impact of the inclusion of GIs in bilateral agreements on French exports of foodstuffs. We rely on a unique dataset of firms and products concerned by Geographical Indications (GIs) in the French agri-food industry (excluding wine) for 2012-2019, merged with firm-product-destination level data from French Customs and the French National Institute of Statistics. Controlling for market and firm characteristics, we compare the exports of GI firms with those of non-GI firms before and after the signing of the 13 agreements (25 destination countries) that include a list of GIs to be protected. We show that the protection of GIs in EU RTA helps French firms to reach new markets and to sell their products at higher price, but it depends on the level of protection provided by the agreement.

Geographical Indications ; Regional Trade Agreements ; Trade Margins