author={Anne-Célia Disdier and Lionel Fontagné},
title={Trade Impact of European Measures on GMOs Condemned by the WTO Panel },
type={Working Papers},
abstract={In May 2003, the United States, Canada and Argentina launched a World Trade Organization (WTO) case against the European Union concerning its authorization regime for biotech products. In November 2006, the WTO condemned this regime. Using a gravity equation, we estimate the reduction in exports of potentially affected products from the complainants to the European Union. Our results suggest that the European moratorium and product-specific measures have a negative effect on trade, as do safeguard measures adopted by Germany, Italy and Greece.},
keywords={GMOs ; Protection ; WTO panels ; Environment ; WORLD TRADE}