Anne-Célia Disdier & Lionel Fontagné , 2009.
"Trade Impact of European Measures on GMOs Condemned by the WTO Panel ,"
CEPII Working Paper 2009- 16 , July 2009 , CEPII.
In May 2003, the United States, Canada and Argentina launched a World Trade Organization (WTO) case against the European Union concerning its authorization regime for biotech products. In November 2006, the WTO condemned this regime. Using a gravity equation, we estimate the reduction in exports of potentially affected products from the complainants to the European Union. Our results suggest that the European moratorium and product-specific measures have a negative effect on trade, as do safeguard measures adopted by Germany, Italy and Greece.
GMOs ; Protection ; WTO panels ; Environment ; WORLD TRADE