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Issue Q4 2017  
Exchange rate misalignments in energy-exporting countries: Do sovereign wealth funds matter?  
Hélène Raymond
Dramane Coulibaly
Luc Désiré Omgba
In recent years, several energy-exporting economies have established sovereign wealth funds (SWFs), which invest part of their resource rents in foreign assets. This paper investigates whether these SWFs can help to reduce the volatility of real exchange rate (RER) misalignments by dampening the transmission of energy prices. Using a database on 24 oil-producing countries, we rely on recent advances in the panel cointegration literature to determine a measure for RER misalignment. Our results show evidence that establishing a SWF is associated with a reduction in the volatility of RER misalignments, with a more pronounced magnitude when the fixedness of the exchange rate regime increases. This finding is robust to various sensitivity analyzes. Abstract

Oil ; Curse ; Misalignment ; Sovereign wealth funds ; Keywords
F31 ; F32 ; F41 ; JEL classification
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