Editorial Director
Managing Editor
Issue Q2 2013  
Market effects of information requirements under the Biosafety Protocol  
Antoine Bouët
Guillaume Gruère
Laëtitia Leroy
This paper assesses the global economic implications of the proposed strict documentation requirements on traded shipments of potentially genetically modified (GM) commodities under the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. Using a spatial equilibrium model with 80 maize and 53 soybean trading countries, we show that information requirements would have a significant effect on the world market for maize and soybeans, distorting trade and generating welfare losses for all Protocol members and for non-members that produce GM maize and/or soybeans. While non-GM producers in Protocol member countries would benefit, the regulation would negatively impact consumers and producers in many developing countries. Abstract

Genetically modified food ; International trade ; Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety ; Keywords
F14 ; F18 ; Q17 ; Q56 ; JEL classification
Order form