CEPII, Recherche et Expertise sur l'economie mondiale
Friday May 5, 2017
10:00 - 11:00 - France Stratégie, 18 rue de Martignac, 75007 Paris
Can Innovation Help U.S. Manufacturing Firms Escape Import Competition from China?

Anne-Laure Delatte
Deputy Director of the CEPII
The presentation will provide insights into whether R&D-intensive firms are more resilient to trade shocks. We correct for the endogeneity of R&D using tax-induced changes to R&D cost. While rising imports from China lead to slower sales growth and lower profitability, these effects are significantly smaller for firms with a larger stock of R&D (by about half when moving from the bottom quartile to the top quartile of R&D). As a result, while firms in import-competing industries cut capital expenditures and employment, R&D-intensive firms downsize considerably less. Finally, we provide evidence that these effects are explained by R&D allowing firms to increase product differentiation.